The Southern Alliance for Clean Energy (“SACE”) released its Solar in the Southeast 2017 Annual Report (the “2017 Report”) which projects the Southeast region of the United States (including Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee) to continue its exponential solar growth, reaching 15,000 MW of solar by 2021. In 2017, the Southeast had just under 6,000 MW of solar power. Currently, North Carolina leads the way with 2,699 MW of solar, followed by Georgia with 1,222 MW and Florida with 839 MW. According to the 2017 Report, Florida utilities are expected to invest heavily in solar power over the coming years, and Florida’s solar generation is expected to surpass Georgia’s generation by the end of 2018. While the rapid growth of solar in the Southeast is impressive, even if the Southeast reaches the projected 15,000 MW in 2021, solar generation would constitute less than 3% of retail sales. The 2017 Report explains that solar growth in the Southeast is dominated by utility-scale projects, and smaller residential and commercial solar projects are expected to comparatively lag due to the monopoly utility structure in place in most Southeastern states. SACE stresses that the region has immense solar potential, second only to the desert Southwest, and even more solar growth should be encouraged. For more information, see the 2017 Report here.


An ambitious bill introduced in the Massachusetts’ Senate proposes to accelerate expansion to the state’s renewable energy sector. Along with implementing a market-based system to reduce emissions, the bill also aims to increase the required growth rate of the state’s renewable portfolio from 1% to 3% per year. Specific goals and proposals for solar, wind and energy storage are included in the bill. Continue Reading Massachusetts Bill Aims to Accelerate Renewable Energy Transition

Originally posted on Troutman Sanders’ Washington Energy Report

On February 15, 2018, FERC issued a notice that staff will hold a technical conference on April 10-11, 2018 to discuss the participation of distributed energy resources (“DER”) in markets operated by Regional Transmission Organizations and Independent System Operators.  As FERC stated in the notice, the two-day conference will host several panels on two broad DER-related agendas: first, to continue considering the DER-related reforms initially proposed in the rulemaking culminating in the concurrently-issued Order No. 841 on electric storage participation in organized markets; and second, to broadly explore issues related to the potential effects of DERs on the bulk power system. Continue Reading FERC Establishes Technical Conference on Participation of Distributed Energy Resources in Organized Markets

In response to concerns regarding the changing nature of the nation’s energy supply portfolio and the emergence of promising energy storage technologies, the Commission in recent years issued several notices of inquiry, notice of proposed rulemaking, and policy statements regarding various energy storage and ancillary service supply issues. Additionally, the Commission considered but ultimately declined to pursue the Department of Energy-initiated rulemaking on grid resiliency and reliability. On February 15, 2018, however, the Commission took concrete action by issuing a pair of Final Rules, addressing (i) storage participation in regional markets; and (ii) the provision of primary frequency response, a critical grid support service. Continue Reading FERC Issues Final Rules on Electric Storage Participation in RTOs/ISOs and Primary Frequency Response for New Generators

The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 signed by President Trump on February 11th, included a package of tax credits that may be a boost for renewable energy development and storage projects. The deal extends tax credits for the so-called “orphan” renewable energy technologies along with nuclear power production. Continue Reading “Orphaned” Energy Tax Credits Included in Budget Deal

Originally posted on Troutman Sanders’ Washington Energy Report

On February 12, 2018, the White House issued its proposed framework for an infrastructure bill to Congress.  Notably, the White House’s infrastructure plan proposes to (1) establish a firm deadline of 21 months for lead agencies to complete their National Environmental Policy Act (“NEPA”) reviews and an additional 3 months thereafter to approve or deny a permit (i.e., a decision on an interstate natural gas pipeline project or hydropower license application must be made within 2 years of the application); and (2) amend the Clean Water Act (“CWA”) to set a deadline for a state agency to determine whether a CWA section 401 certificate application is complete.

The infrastructure plan, titled “Legislative Outline for Rebuilding Infrastructure in America,” provides a framework for a bill with four key components: (1) funding and financing infrastructure improvements; (2) provisions for road transportation, water infrastructure, veterans affairs property, and land revitalization improvements; (3) infrastructure permitting improvements; and (4) workforce development.  In the proposal, the White House asks Congress to quickly act on an infrastructure bill that would “stimulate at least $1.5 trillion in new investment over the next 10 years, shorten the process for approving projects to 2 years or less, address unmet rural infrastructure needs, empower State and local authorities, and train the American workforce of the future.”

Of note, the White House proposes to streamline the NEPA process, including FERC’s environmental reviews of applications for interstate natural gas pipeline projects and hydropower licenses.  With respect to NEPA reviews, the White House proposes to, among other things:

• Establish a firm deadline of 21 months for lead agencies to complete their NEPA reviews;

• Establish a deadline of 3 months after the NEPA review for the agency to approve or deny the project.  This 3-month deadline would also apply to permits issued by state agencies acting pursuant to delegated authority.  The plan adds that “[a]ppropriate enforcement mechanisms would be established to ensure that permit decisions are issued”;

• Clarify that an agency is not required to consider alternatives that are outside its jurisdiction during the NEPA review; and

• Require the Council on Environmental Quality to revise its regulations to streamline the NEPA process.

The White House also proposes to amend the CWA to set a deadline for state agencies to determine whether an application for a CWA section 401 certificate is complete and to clarify the deadline for a state decision on the application.  In doing so, the White House notes that states currently have up to 1 year to act on an application, or the requirement is waived.  The White House continues, however, that states often fail to act within the 1-year period or require applicants to re-file a more complete application prior to the 1-year deadline, “which produces a loop of repeated lack of issuance and re-filing.”

The White House concludes that its infrastructure plan “will strengthen the economy, make our country more competitive, reduce the costs of goods and services for American families, and enable Americans to build their lives on top of the best infrastructure in the world.”

A copy of the White House’s infrastructure plan is available here.

In 2017, there were a record number of solar policies debated in state legislatures and commissions, with nearly every state considering some kind of solar policy or rate change. Recently, the North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center (NCCETC) released its 50 States of Solar report which reviews solar policies and initiatives across the nation. In its report NCCETC found that there were 249 state actions on solar policies in 2017: 34% were related to residential fixed charges and minimum bill increases, 27% were distributed generation (DG) compensation policies, and 12% were community solar policies. The actions took place in 45 States plus the District of Columbia. That is up by 17% from 212 actions in 2016 and 42% from the 175 actions in 2015.   Continue Reading State-level Solar Policy Actions up 17% in 2017

On Monday, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) issued its “Master Plan” to develop the state’s offshore wind resources and establish 2,400 MW of offshore wind generation by 2030. The plan is a component of Governor Andrew Cuomo’s Reforming the Energy Vision (REV) strategy to build clean and affordable energy systems across the state in an effort to achieve New York’s Clean Energy Standard with a goal of 50% renewable generation by 2030. Continue Reading New York Announces Master Plan to Develop 2.4 GW of Offshore Wind

While hydroelectric generation has historically been the largest source of renewable electricity generation, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects wind power to surpass hydro and become the largest renewable generation source sometime in the next two years. 2017 was a relatively wet year with hydro providing 7.4% of total utility-scale generation. But with only a handful of new hydro plant slated to come online in the next two years, hydroelectric generation will depend largely on water runoff and precipitation. Currently, the EIA predicts that hydro will be slightly lower in 2018 and 2019, and will produce 6.5% and 6.6% of utility-scale generation respectively. Although weather also greatly affects wind generation, output forecasts from wind are more dependent on capacity and the timing of new facilities coming online.

Continue Reading Wind to Surpass Hydro as Largest Renewable Electricity Generation Source

Originally Posted on Troutman Sanders’ Washington Energy Report 

On January 18, 2018, FERC approved California Independent System Operator Corporation’s (“CAISO”) changes to its resource adequacy program to, among other things, (1) allow capacity located in a local capacity area, but procured as system capacity, to provide system substitution capacity during forced outages and (2) cap a load serving entity’s (“LSE”) monthly local capacity requirement at its monthly system capacity requirement.

CAISO and the local regulatory authorities within its footprint administer the resource adequacy program to ensure that LSEs procure enough transmission system capacity to meet their forecasted load, plus a reserve margin set by their local regulatory authority.  Additionally, LSEs are required to procure local area capacity—capacity capable of meeting capacity requirements in a transmission-constrained area and that is also located within that area—and flexible resource adequacy capacity—resources that can ramp up and down quickly to manage variability.  Moreover, LSEs must submit annual and monthly resource adequacy plans to CAISO demonstrating that they have procured enough capacity to meet their forecasted load and reserve margin, while scheduling coordinators for resource adequacy resources submit annual and monthly supply plans that CAISO uses to verify that LSEs are meeting their resource adequacy requirements. Continue Reading FERC Approves Changes to CAISO’s Resource Adequacy Program